Ca2+ switches the effect of PS-containing membranes on Factor Xa from activating to inhibiting: implications for initiation of blood coagulation

Tilen Koklic, Rinku Majumder, Barry R Lentz
Biochemical Journal, September 2014; doi: 10.1042/BJ20140130 (read more here).

In brief

In the present study, we show that overall fXa activity on PS-containing membranes is sharply regulated by a ‘Ca2+ switch’ centred at 1.16 mM, below which fXa is active and above which fXa forms inactive dimers on PS-exposing membranes. Our data lead to a mathematical model that predicts the variation of fXa activity as a function of both Ca2+ and membrane concentrations. Because the critical Ca2+ concentration is at the lower end of the normal plasma ionized Ca2+ concentration range, we propose a new regulatory mechanism by which local Ca2+ concentration switches fXa from an intrinsically active form to a form requiring its cofactor [fVa (Factor Va)] to achieve significant activity.